tan skinSummer is a time when people tend to show more skin, and sometimes a sun-kissed tan is just when a person needs to feel confident in summer clothing and swimsuits. But is it possible to achieve this look without causing skin damage? Here is what you need to know about tanning and getting a tan look the safe way.

Dangers of tanning

Sun damage, next to smoking, is one of the leading causes of premature skin aging. Many wrongfully define “sun damage” as sunburn, but the truth is that even tanning that doesn’t evolve into sunburn is damaging to the skin. In fact, skin tanning is the body’s response to damaged DNA in the skin cells—the skin darkens in order to prevent further damage to the skin cells. So, a tan is really just evidence that skin damage has already occurred in the skin. While getting a “base tan” or tanning indoors might sound like a good idea in theory, these methods for getting a sun-kissed glow will not prove healthy for your skin.

Popular options: the good and the bad

So what are your options, then, for getting a safe, tanned look? First, it would be effective to know what isn’t good for your skin or body.

Indoor tanning

Indoor tanning beds are thought to be safer than outdoor sunlight by some, but in reality, the artificial UV rays produced by tanning beds can be even stronger than the natural UV rays coming from the sun. Indoor tanning beds are not a safe tanning option.

Tanning pills

What about tanning pills? They may not involve exposure to sunlight, but they can give the skin an orange hue over time, and the dyes involved can actually damage your liver. Moreover, these pills are not FDA-approved, and some have even experienced side effects such as nausea, cramping, diarrhea, severe itching, and welts when using these pills.

Spray tans

The chemicals in salon-style spray tans are not monitored by the FDA, either, and they could cause damage when ingested by the nose or mouth.

Self tanner

Self-tanning lotions that you apply to the skin from a bottle are your best bet if you want a just-walked-off-the-beach look. This method for sunless tanning involves a chemical called dihydroxyacetone (DHA) that dyes the outermost skin cells on the body, which means that the tan will only last as long as those outer skin cells remain. Studies have shown that when used correctly, DHA is considered safe. Just keep in mind that sunless tan lotions are not a substitute for sunscreen. Even if you are enjoying a lotion-produced sun-kissed glow, be sure to apply plenty of sunscreen before heading outdoors.

summer skinWith summer weather comes and entirely new set of challenges and hazards for your skin, which means that you’ll have to prepare your skin accordingly. Here are some tried-and-true methods for preparing skin for summer weather.

Switch out your skin care products

Because of the climate changes that occur as seasons change, it’s very likely that what worked for your skin during the winter months could leave you feeling oily or greasy as summer humidity sets in. This means that it’s time to switch out what you used during colder months for new products that will work well with the warmer weather. Consider swapping out your facial cleanser and moisturizer for new products that contain lighter ingredients like squalane and glycerin. These ingredients will offer a more breathable barrier for your skin. This applies to any beauty products that you are applying to the face as well.

Control the oil

You’ll also need to prepare your skin for the warmer weather by establishing a skin care regimen that will fight excess oil production. The oil glands on your skin’s surface tend to be more active when it’s warmer, and this can leave your face feeling more oily during the summertime. Some methods for controlling oily facial skin include using water-based skin care products, using an oil-absorbing clay mask on a regular basis, and opting for skin creams and sunscreens that promote a matte finish.


Regular exfoliation is important for removing dead skin cells and revealing smooth, glowing skin, especially during the summer when you’ll be spending more time in a swimsuit and warm weather clothing. Most experts recommend exfoliating about twice a week. There are multiple methods for exfoliation, including sugar or salt scrubs, dry brushes or exfoliating gloves, cleansers with exfoliating ingredients, and electric facial brushes like the Clarisonic Skin Brush. Keep in mind that different skin types respond differently to various exfoliation methods, so it’s important to figure out what works best for you and your skin. Whatever method you decide on, be sure to protect your newly exfoliated skin with sunscreen, and never exfoliate sunburned skin.

Wear adequate sun protection

No summer skin care list would be complete without emphasizing the protective and anti-aging benefits of sunscreen. You should be wearing sun protection year-round, but this is especially important to remember during the summer as you spend more time under the sun. In addition to sunscreens, you can also wear shady hats and UV protective clothing and swimwear. Keep in mind that your skin is prone to sun damage even when it isn’t being directly exposed to sunlight—while driving or on an overcast day, for example.

Young woman receiving botox injection in lipsFull, plump lips are a beauty feature envied across the board. Not everyone is born with them, but those who want fuller lips can have lip fillers injected into their lips, or a lip augmentation.

Types of Fillers

The most common type of lip filler is an injectable dermal filler, which essentially means it enlarges the skin in your lips. Collagen is the most common kind of dermal filler, though today, it is used less often. It is not as safe and effective as the newer kinds of dermal fillers.

Fat injections and implants may also be used to enhance lips, but they aren’t often used either, simply because the results are not consistent and there is a greater risk of side effects.

Hyaluronic acid fillers are now the filler of choice when it comes to lip augmentation. Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance found in your body, which is why it is known to work best with lip enhancements. When injected into your lips, it acts as a cushion to support the structure and tissues of your lips to keep up its volume.

Deciding if Lip Fillers Are For You

Only navigate this road if you truly want to change your appearance with fuller, plumper lips. If you aren’t sure, discuss your options with your doctor or facial plastic surgeon. Only healthy candidates will be considered for the procedure. If you have a chronic oral infection, diabetes, lupus, or blood-clotting problems, you will not be recommended for the procedure.

The Procedure

If you are using dermal fillers for your lip augmentation, the entire procedure can be performed in your facial plastic surgeon’s office in very little time. A local anesthetic will be applied to the injection site, meant to completely numb the lips. Then, your surgeon will use very fine needles to inject the fillers into your lips.

Before and After

Before going into the office, you’ll need to remove any foundation, powder, blush, lipstick, or lip products. The same goes for the day following the procedure. Ice may be administered directly after the injections to ensure no swelling. The results of the injection should be immediately noticeable.

Side Effects and Risks

Though they are rare and generally mild, side effects may occur after the procedure. They may include redness, swelling, bruising, tenderness, or bleeding at the injection sites as well as swollen and bruised lips. These side effects should only last a few days.

If the side effects continue, or if you have more serious side effects, such as lumps in the lips, lip asymmetry, infection, or scarring, you should call your surgeon immediately.

woman with fewer wrinklesBirthdays stop being something to look forward to after you hit 30. From then on, birthdays signify aging, both mentally and physically. Unfortunately, it’s very difficult to hide the effects of aging, since it’s often most apparent in the face. Wrinkling, gravity, and skin volume loss are all huge factors of the aging process, and they drastically affect your appearance (and sometimes more) over time. Facial fat grafting is an innovative procedure that successfully sets back the clock—at least on your face.

Fat Grafting Defined

After time, the skin in the face begins to sag and wrinkle as a result of lost volume with facial flesh due to age. The result is similar to when air begins to leak out of a balloon over time. The balloon still has it’s form, but it is wrinkled and loose. Fat grafting is the process of removing tiny amounts of fat from one place (generally the abdomen, thighs, or buttocks) and relocating it to the face to solve the facial volume problem.

The Best Candidates

You should consider facial fat grafting if you want a permanent solution to creased and sunken areas of the face. This may include laugh lines, smile lines, crow’s feet, acne scars, or thin lips and cheeks.

The best candidates will be in generally good health with a good immune system. You should be free of any circulation problems and not smoke. You must also have enough fat on your body that can be used for filling the volume of your face.

The Procedure

Generally, the procedure will go as follows:

You and your surgeon will discuss and select the best site for fat  removal. The area will be sterilized, then numbed with a local anesthetic. Your surgeon will make a small incision in the area and use a cannula connected to a syringe to extract the fat. This is the same way liposuction is performed.

After enough fat is collected, it is purified and transferred to the face. Using a small needle, the surgeon will insert the fat into the natural tissue of the face. The process will be repeated multiple times until the volume is restored to your face.

The Results

You should see a noticeable difference in your face following the procedure, with much fewer wrinkles and less sagging than before. Take note that a fat transfer like this is not Botox. It will not completely erase the lines from your face, though it will make a drastic improvement. If performed successfully, the results of your facial fat graft should be permanent.

If you believe you’re a good candidate for facial fat grafting, give our office a call today.

Mans Bell's PalsyFacial paralysis is constituted by partial or full lack of movement on one side of the face. Such paralysis is often caused by damage or inflammation of the facial nerve, or in severe cases, a stroke, tumor, or condition known as Bell’s Palsy. It can come on suddenly or gradually over a period of months. Some cases are simply acute and temporary, while others are chronic.

What causes facial paralysis?

As mentioned previously, facial paralysis may be caused by an infection in the facial nerve, stroke, tumor, or Bell’s Palsy. Other causes include:

  • Skull fracture or facial injury
  • Chronic middle ear infection or other ear damage
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Lyme disease
  • Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome
  • Other autoimmune diseases

What other symptoms are associated with facial paralysis?

Besides the obvious numb feeling in the face, there are usually other symptoms associated with facial paralysis. They might include:

  • Facial pain
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Impaired speech
  • Drooling
  • Muscle twitching
  • Earaches
  • Ringing in ears
  • Sensitivity to sound
  • Difficulty eating or drinking
  • Watery eyes
  • Dry eyes and mouth
  • Inability to close the eye

If you notice any of these symptoms in conjunction with a numb face, see your doctor immediately for diagnosis and treatment.

How is facial paralysis diagnosed?

Full diagnosis depends largely on you. It’s important to explain each of your symptoms in depth, as well as mention any diseases you’ve been diagnosed with or that run in your family. After you’ve discussed this, your doctor will run a few tests, including asking you to lift your eyebrows, close your eyes, smile, and frown. A few other tests, such as electromyography, imaging scans, and blood tests may be performed to test the nerves and muscles in your cheeks and determine the exact diagnosis.

What kinds of procedures help facial paralysis?  

You’ll receive treatment depending on your diagnosis. If you have Bell’s Palsy, you will probably recover without treatment, though, for severe cases, you may be prescribed steroids, antiviral medications, and physical therapy to increase your chances of full recovery.

Other facial paralysis, or severe cases of Bell’s Palsy may require surgery to repair nerve damage or to remove tumors if present. Surgery may also be required to help the eyelid close to prevent eye damage. Some procedures include surgically implanting microscopic weights into the upper eyelid to help it close.

Botox has also proven to be an effective form of treatment, especially if the paralysis includes involuntary muscle movement.

It’s very important to receive treatment for your paralysis if your eyelid fails to close properly, You are at great risk for severe eye damage.  Your doctor may prescribe special eye drops or a clear, plastic moisture chamber to keep the eye damp and protected.

If you experience any of the symptoms associated with facial paralysis, see your facial specialist immediately.

Winter face close up of young woman covered with snowflakesIf you live in the cold desert of Utah, you’re probably feeling the horrendous, drying effects of winter right about now. Your skin is a miraculous organ, but the cold weather and dry, hot air being pumped into your home daily are a little more than it can take.

If not handled properly, your skin will show the effects as you age. Without proper moisture, your skin will be wrinkled and weathered much too early. Don’t let that happen to you. Instead, try these eight tried and true tricks for combating dry skin this winter.

1. Moisturize, Moisturize, Moisturize

If you want to keep your skin from being irritated and cracking from the cold, you need to use lotion, and plenty of it! What’s more, make sure that you’re using a good lotion with healthy ingredients, like avocado. Avoid butters that will sit on top of your skin instead of sinking in and providing some much needed nutrients.

2. Wear Sunscreen

This cannot be stressed enough! The sun is one of the most harmful elements when it comes to your skin and it’s only made worse in the winter when the air is dry and the sun glare doubles when it reflects off the snow. Any exposed part of you should be slathered in sunscreen several times a day.

3. Take Lukewarm Showers

Hot showers strip moisture from your skin, which is unfortunate because it feels so good on cold days. Instead, take lukewarm showers and baths to lock moisture into your skin.

4. Wear Chapstick

The skin on your lips is perhaps the most sensitive to the harsh elements. Make sure you apply a good chapstick multiple times a day, don’t lick your lips, and whatever you do, don’t pick at them!

5. Cover Up

The more you can cover up when you’re outside, the better. This includes your hands, which take a lot of abuse in the winter. Wearing gloves will protect them from the freezing, dry air.

6. Use a Humidifier

Though it may sound strange, a humidifier works wonders for dry skin. The dry, hot air blowing into your home all day dries out the air in your home and the humidifier will put the moisture back.

7. Use Gentle Cleansers

Watch out for harsh chemicals that will dry out your skin. If you must use these for acne problems, make sure you have a great moisturizer to follow the cleansing.

8. See a Specialist

Sometimes our best efforts aren’t enough in the dry winter. If you’ve followed everything on this list faithfully and your skin is still like sandpaper, seek a specialist. If you’re in need of such treatment, give our office a call today to set up an appointment.


Happy woman in Santa hatLooking and feeling your best isn’t always easy, especially during the holidays. You want to look great for your holiday greeting card, but you find yourself getting caught up in the traditions and foods of the season. Instead, practice these 10 tips for looking and feeling great.

1. Go the Extra Mile

Get a pedometer and continually challenge yourself to walk more steps than you did the day before. Park farther away when you go to the grocery store or mall and take the stairs instead of the elevator. Walking is excellent for both your physical and mental well-being.

2. Creative Fitness Routines

If you feel like you don’t have time to exercise an hour each morning, increase your physical activity with your daily chores and errands. For example, do wall sits while you brush your teeth.

3. Early to Bed, Early to Rise

You’ve heard the old adage about how a good night’s rest will make you healthy, wealthy, and wise, and it’s true. You’ll be surprised how much better you look and feel by implementing a healthy sleep routine.

4. Moisturize

As the cold weather sucks hydration from your skin, put some back in with good moisturizers, especially on your face and neck. A good moisturizer adds vibrancy to your skin now and keeps the wrinkles away later.

5. Stay Hydrated

The average adult should drink half their bodyweight in ounces of water a day. Getting the right amount of water improves physical appearance while increasing your mental alertness.

6. Make Your Meals

Fast food is tempting when you don’t have the time to make a meal. However, for a healthier mental and physical outlook, look for cheap, healthy, and quick meals you can make at home in the same amount of time.

7. Get Your Vitamins

Make sure you get enough vitamin C to boost your immune system and enough vitamin D from sunlight to boost your mental health. A lack of vitamin D can lead to Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), more commonly known as Winter Depression.

8. Control Your Eating

Say no to a plate of cookies and say yes to healthy muffins or a fruit salad. Look for creative ways to implement low calorie, healthy recipes to help you enjoy holiday treats without gaining body fat.

9. Manage Your Time and Activities

It’s easy to overbook yourself when you have plenty of shopping to do, errands to run, and parties to attend during the holidays. Too much on your plate will lead to stress, which will lead to lack of sleep, an unhealthy diet, and other mental and physical problems. Manage your time and limit your obligations for a healthier, more attractive you.

10. Say Your Affirmations

Every morning, tell yourself all the things you need to hear to get going each day. You’ll be surprised how much energy and motivation you have following your morning pep talk.


beautiful woman in spa salonThe days that make up the holiday season are perhaps the busiest of the year for many. There seems to be a general increase in the number of activities to attend, errands to run, and shopping to do for several months in a row. With all of that on your plate, it won’t be long before you are stressed and worn out.

As the perfect remedy for your stress, treat yourself to a relaxing spa day. Below is a description of the many wonderful things you can experience when you take advantage of the facial spa services offered by Barr Facial Plastic Surgery in Salt Lake City.

Skin Care

Smooth skin is best achieved with a treatment known as microdermabrasion, in which tiny beads in a cleanser or lotion are used to exfoliate and remove dead skin cells. It’s great for minimizing the appearance of mild sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles, mild acne, and large pores. The result is supple, vibrant, and smooth skin.  Repetition of this relaxing treatment will bring the best results.


For clear, beautiful facial skin, take advantage of our facials. Our chemical or organic face peels are designed to peel away layers of dead skin cells that accentuate wrinkles and flaws and leave your skin feeling rough. Once you’ve had one of our face peels, you can expect improved skin texture, improved acne, and reduced wrinkles.

Waxing and Hair Removal

Make an appointment for dermaplaning, which is the removal of fine facial hair combined with the exfoliation of your skin. The best results emerge when combined with other facial treatments such as a face peel.

You can also enjoy a defined, younger look with an eyebrow makeover, in which our spa specialist will use tweezers and/or wax to perfect the shape of your eyebrows. If you don’t like the look of the fuzz on your chin or upper lip, our spa services can take care of that too.

Makeup Services

If you’re prepping for a special event, or you just feel like being pampered, come in for our professional makeup services. We can offer you mineral makeup application in the shades of your choice, or a full face makeover for very special occasions. Our special occasion makeover includes trial size makeup to take with you for touchups. Any of our services come with a complementary, color-match foundation.

If you feel like you deserve a little pampering today, give our office a call to set up an appointment.

Calcitie-Massage du cuir cheveluThe earliest records of hair transplant surgery date back to the late 19th century when primitive versions of scalp flaps and grafts were transplanted to the balding areas of the head in an attempt to make hair grow naturally there again. However, success was limited and this technique often resulted in unsightly scarring.

Decades later, in the 1930’s, Japanese records show several transplant surg
eries, though the surgeries did not generally treat baldness. The procedure consisted of using very small grafts to replace eyebrows or eyelashes. Though these methods were generally successful, and Japanese surgeons published various articles on their methods, hair restoration did not receive much acclaim worldwide at this time.

The hair restoration movement finally began in the late 1950s in the western hemisphere with Dr. Norman Orentreich, who began to attempt free donor skin grafts to correct scalp baldness. His experiments proved a concept now known as donor dominance. This theory explains that skin and follicular cells transplanted to other parts of the body can still grow and last the same way they would have in their original location.

Though this hair transplant method was extremely successful and continued to grow in popularity during the next two decades, there were limitations. Patients were often unable to achieve a natural look because they would not be able to make enough visits for the full procedure. Many also had the problem of running out of live areas on the scalp from which they could take follicular cells. Because of these reasons and restrictions in the procedure itself, this method is considered extremely outdated and is not used today.

In the 1980’s, the use of smaller follicular grafts began to emerge, paving the way for more minimally invasive procedures. This time also opened up a large avenue for over-the-counter hair restoration products that could be applied at home. Some products were real and backed by doctor support, but most were developed and sold by fast-talking salesman. The success rate was very low for most of these products.

By the mid 1990’s, an effective transplant technique known as “follicular unit hair transplantation” or FUT was developed. These particular grafts were dissections of a micrograph, making the procedure minimally invasive and resulting in a good imitation of the way that hair grows naturally, providing a much fuller and more natural look.

FUT was a major breakthrough, and the basis of current hair restoration techniques. Since then, the procedures have developed to make hair transplants so successful, that even your barber will not know that you’ve had transplants!

A beautiful young woman having injectionBotox, the craze that has hit many a woman since 2002, is a powerful toxin used to make you look younger by tightening the skin and eliminating wrinkles. When injected while young, it offers a youthful appearance for decades after. But how did the whole thing get started?

Believe it or not, it started with bad sausage. In 1820, a German doctor named Justinus Kerner was assigned to determine the cause of death of several deceased persons in a row. It turned out that their silent killer was actually botulism from spoiled sausages, riddled with a toxin known as botulinum, the main ingredient in Botox. He recorded the effects of the poisoning, noting that the deceased had noticeably droopy eyelids, muscle weakness, and paralysis. Each of these symptoms gives the appearance of stretched skin and the diminishing of wrinkles. To test his hypothesis, he even injected a small dose of the poison in the sausage into his own body.

Over the next century, there were many other deaths caused by botulism, which increased scientist’s and doctor’s understanding of the toxin. Though there were obvious changes to the skin and muscles of the victims, no one ever thought to use botulinum as an anti-aging method. In fact, in World War II, the United States saw it as a deadly weapon, with a plan to have Chinese prostitutes drop botulinum capsules into Japanese officers’ drinks.

The research into the botulinum toxin led scientists to discover better uses for it in the 1950’s. They discovered that a small dose of botulinum was successful in treating muscle spasms. Several years of more research throughout the 1960’s and 1970’s, led to the discovery that botulinum could actually help solve the problem of crossed eyes. This was tested and proven by scientists who injected monkey’s with the toxin, with positive results.

Through the 1980’s, researchers for Allergan dived deep into the study of botulinum, and soon discovered that the tests done by their predecessors were all true, and in 1989, Allergan released BOTOX, the first botulinum toxin proven by the FDA to cure eyelid spasms, squinting problems, and crossed eyes.

In 2002, the FDA finally approved the use of botox for cosmetic reasons, particularly to eliminate wrinkles in the forehead, thus beginning the craze for botox injections. However, over the last 25 years since its inception, botox has been proven to be a significant aid in the treatment of a number of health problems, including cervical dystonia, overactive bladder, severe underarm sweating, urine leakage, chronic migraines, and muscle stiffness, along with the treatments for eye muscle problems. All of this goes to show that though botox is primarily known for it’s cosmetic wonders, it’s long, highly researched history has made it an important drug for both health and beauty.


Salt Lake City, Utah Based Face and Neck Specialist

As a specialist in Utah cosmetic surgery, plastic surgery, facelift surgery, neck lift surgery, Botox, Utah rhinoplasty (nose jobs), Utah hair restoration, and a variety of other facial plastic surgery procedures, Dr. Lucy Barr's main goal is To build relationships with our patients so that they trust us to educate and treat them. Together we will create treatment plans customized to make our patients feel vibrant and attractive. When it comes to cosmetic surgery, Dr. Barr's philosophy is that health, wellness and appearance are all a part of the same equation.